The fate of thousands of songbirds that died near the Canaport LNG flare stack in east Saint John in September 2013 has been memorialized in a book by two Maritime artists.
Icarus, Falling of Birds pairs the photography of Thaddeus Holownia with the poetry of Harry Thurston, both of whom were deeply affected when they heard that flocks of migratory songbirds, including Canada warblers listed under the Species at Risk Act, had been fatally lured by the gas terminal's 10-metre flame.
"It symbolizes man's hubris," said Thurston, who has written extensively about the environment and natural history for magazines such as National Geographic and Audubon.
"This tragic incident was another example of us carrying on the way we do without due consideration to the effects on other creatures and the environment."
Thurston and Holownia, who had collaborated before, both agreed they should do something about this die-off, but they had to wait at least two years to see the damage for themselves.
That's because the bags of carcasses that had been collected from the site had to be secured as potential evidence at trial.
The legal case came to an end in November 2015, when Canaport LNG pleaded guilty to charges under the Migratory Birds Convention Act and the Species at Risk Act, resulting in a fine of $750,000.
'It was somewhat traumatic'
With the matter resolved in court, Don McAlpine, head of natural history at the New Brunswick Museum in Saint John, was able to give the artists access to the freezers in the museum basement on Douglas Avenue, so they could see the collection of burned and damaged bodies.
Anchorage Press published Icarus, Falling of Birds, a collaboration between Thurston and Holownia. (Thaddeus Holownia/Submitted)
Thurston, who graduated with a biology degree from Acadia University, said the environment felt both familiar and shocking.
"It was somewhat traumatic to be face to face with the tragic consequences of this incident," he said.
In the book, Thurston enumerates the 26 species that died that day, including American redstarts, blue-headed vireos, rose-breasted grosbeaks and Swainson's thrush.
He also describes their epic journeys from the Andes in South America and the mangroves of the Caribbean, up the Mississippi, over the Appalachians, to the Atlantic, "to claim their summer homes."
Part of a page from Icarus, Falling of Birds. The birds are all head down, and there's a black border, a nod to European death notices. (Thaddeus Holownia/Submitted)
He also describes how the birds were deformed by the heat.
"A whorl of burnt sienna, burnt ochre, charcoal —
Organs splattered like melted plastic,
The inside and the outside, one wreckage."
Massive scroll shows scope of tragedy
While Thurston was taking notes in the bowels of the building with its "familiar atmosphere of formaldehyde," Holownia was taking hundreds of photographs.
"It was really heart-breaking and a tough place to be," said Holownia, who retired last year from teaching in the fine arts department at Mount Allison University.
"Some of them looked like they were asleep and some of them were crispy."
Holownia said some of the dead birds at the New Brunswick Museum seemed to be sleeping, while others, like this one, were 'crispy.' He said it was a heart-breaking experience. (CBC)
All the images of the birds appear in the book, positioned head down, as if they are dropping out of the sky and falling down through the page.
Holownia also made larger canvases for an exhibition in Halifax, with one bird per frame, bordered in black as a nod to European death notices, he said.
Poet Harry Thurston thinks the deaths of thousands of songbirds at Canaport LNG was an example of humans being inconsiderate toward the environment and other creatures. 2:49
They went on display at his 40-year retrospective at the Art Gallery of Nova Scotia in the spring of 2017.
He also made a scroll about five metres tall and more than 75 centimetres wide, showing 200 birds, all head down and all raining downward.
Holownia created a massive scroll showing 200 birds, each upside down, as if falling from the sky. The work was part of his 40-year retrospective at the Art Gallery of Nova Scotia in 2017. (Steve Farmer/Submitted)
"That was a pretty massive work," said Holownia. "I felt I should represent the scale of the whole thing."
The two artists say they hope their collaboration serves as a reminder of what was lost six years ago. They want the story to travel beyond New Brunswick.
"Part of this exercise is to memorialize these beautiful beings," said Thurston.
"I mean, one of the ironies of Icarus, of course, is that humans aspire to be birds.
"We aspire to fly and there's that understanding that there's something very extraordinary in the nature of these beings."
Thurston reads from Icarus, Falling of Birds, a collaboration with Holownia. (Pierre Fournier/CBC)
Thurston says it was a bitter experience to reach down into the freezers and pull the damaged birds out.
Icarus, Falling of Birds is published by Anchorage Press.